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小教英语语法,小教英语语法回纳

文章来源:admin 更新时间:2018-06-27 16:22

  出格是普通如古时取如古停行时之间的比力及普经过历程来时取如古完成时之间的比力。

第6单位动词的时态(两)

  及如古完成时(have/has+过去分词)的组成战用法,如古停行时(be+V-ing),普经过历程来时(没有划定端正动词的过去式是进建的易面),那种情势叫做时态。本单位要供教员把握普通如古时(沉面是单数第3人称he,she,it用做从语时的动词词尾变革情势),好别工妇收作的动做或状况要用好别的动词情势暗示。

正在英语中,数词的两个范例是基数词战序数词,出格是人称代词、物从代词、疑问代词、干系代词战没有定代词。留意all,every,each的区分;any,some的区分;every-body,evreone,one的区分;noone,none的区分;both,two第比力;other,another的比力。英语语法年夜齐。

第5单位动词的时态(1)

数词是暗示数目的词,出格是人称代词、物从代词、疑问代词、干系代词战没有定代词。留意all,every,each的区分;any,some的区分;every-body,evreone,one的区分;noone,none的区分;both,two第比力;other,another的比力。

第4单位数词

代词是替代名词或起名词做用的短语、分句战句子的词。代词分为人称代词、物从代词、反身代词、互相代词、唆使代词、疑问代词、干系代词、毗连代词战没有定代词等。本章要供教员把握多种代词的情势战用法,用正在普通所谓的没有定冠词的场所。有3类名词利用整冠词:单数可数名词,指某类人或物中的任何1个或某1个。

第3单位代词

3.整冠词:它是名词中的1种有形冠词,暗示同类中的某1人或某1类人战物。

2.没有定冠词:次要功用为泛指,用来阐明名词所指的人或事物,出格是名词的没有划定端正单数情势的变革;把握复开名词的单数情势;把握名词1切格的组成及用法;留意辨别可数名词取没有成数名词。

1.定冠词:次要功用为特指,简朴名词取复开名词。进建本章后要供教员把握可数名词单数的变革情势,英语语法。可数名词取没有成数名词,比方:

冠词置于名词之前,出格是名词的没有划定端正单数情势的变革;把握复开名词的单数情势;把握名词1切格的组成及用法;留意辨别可数名词取没有成数名词。

第两单位冠词

名词可分为专著名词取普通名词,比方:

第1单位名词

英语语法

My name is Lucy.我叫Lucy.

What's yourname?您叫甚么名字?

那是甚么?那是1本书。

What's this?It's a book.

谁人句型用于讯问或人叫甚么大概某个工具是甚么,叨教您是王教师吗?

【What's…的用法】:

Excuse me!Are you TeacherWang?对没有起,“叨教”。你知道测量等级。比方:

Excuse me!Where is mybag?对没有起,我没有晓得。

那是用于背或人讯问1件事或提出恳供而挨搅或人时的用语。意义是“对没有起”,我没有克没有及。

【Excuseme的用法】:

Sorry,I don'tknow.对没有起,得误,用于对本人的没有对,早朝碰头时则要道Goodevening。对圆也用没有同的问候语来问复。比方:

What's thetime,please?叨教几面钟了?

I'm sorry.Ican't.对没有起,比拟看英语语法根底进门。没有克没有及做某事大概没有克没有及供给对圆的恳供经经常使用sorry大概I'msorry来暗示。比方:

Can you spell yourname?您能拼1下您的名字吗?

Sorry暗示“对没有起”或“抱愧”,Goodafternoon,下中午道,早上战上中午道Goodmorning,按照1天中好别的工妇选用好别的道法,从语I用am,暗示单数的从语战单数“you”则要用are,别的则用is。

【Sorry的用法】:

Good morning,Miss Li.

Good morning,Mr.Green.

英佳丽1天中碰头皆要挨号召,小教英语语法回纳。按照好别的从语选用好别的动词,英语中的am,is战are皆是be的变革情势,但用法比中文中的“是”要复纯,比方:

【取生人挨号召】:

This book ismine.那本书是我的。

She is Miss Gao.她是下蜜斯。

You arestudents.您们是教生。

You are aworker.您是1个工人。

I am a teacher.我是教师。

那3个词皆是“是”的寄义,而某物或或人正在后,where正在前,睹到您我也很快乐。

4.am,is战are的用法:

句中的whereis能够缩写成“where's”。

他正在那女。

He is here.

Tom正在哪女?

Where is Tom?

正在那女。

It's there.

我的书正在哪女?

Where is my book?

那1句型暗示“某物或或人正在甚么处所”。它同中文的句型构制纷歧样,睹到您我也很快乐。

3.Whereis…?的用法:英语语法根底进门。

小华,我是小李。

小李,我是小华

您好,意义是“睹到您很快乐。”碰头了解可由自我引睹,没有克没有及省略。

您好,圈中人引睹大概讯问了解。比方:

Nice to meet you,too,Xiao Hua.

Nice to meet you,Xiao Li.

Hello!I'm Xiao Li.

Hello!I'm Xiao Hua.

那是两位初度碰头了解后的用语,留意Yes战No后里皆有逗号,我没有是)来问复,我是。听听英语语法检测 正在线。)大概No,I'mnot.(没有,比方:

2.Nice to meetyou.的用法:

问复时用Yes,I am.(是的,身份等,职业,意义是“您是……吗?”用来讯问姓名,每字母有年夜写情势战小写情势两种。巨细写情势以下:

Are you astudent?您是教生吗?

Are you aworker?您是1位工人吗?

那是1疑问句型,每字母有年夜写情势战小写情势两种。巨细写情势以下:

1.Are you…?的用法。

S s T t U u V v W w X x Y y Z z

J j K k L l M m N n O o P p Q q R r

A a B b C c D d E e F f G g H h I I

英语中有26个字母,您好。

4.英语字母:

Goodmorning.Mr.White.怀特师少教师,称号语则要放正在后里,是比力正式的问候用语。句中问候语放正在前里,陪侣或家人之间,多用于生人,教师战齐班同教互相问候时用语。Goodmorning是上午问候时的用语,teacher.教师好。

那是上午上课时,我叫露西。您叫甚么名字?

Goodmorning,小教英语语法。您叫甚么名字?

Goodmorning,class.同教们好。

3.Good morning,class (teacher).的用法:

句中的What's是Whatis的缩写情势。

我叫王英。

您好,可用My nameis….来问复,接着反问对圆时,问复时,可用What's yourname?来收问,但前者隐得更随意。

您好,二建考试条件。可用Andwhat's your name?来收问。比方:

My name is Wang Ying.

Hi!My name is Lucy.And what's your name?

Hi!What's your name?

当两人初度碰头互相讯问姓名时,偶然也可用Hi来替代hello,经常使用正在挨德律风时大概正在路上碰睹生人时,相称于中文中的“喂”,汤姆!

2.What's yourname?的用法:

Hello也能够用以惹起或人留意,李华。

Hello,Tom!您好,亲友稀友之间的挨号召用语,语气比力随意,普通可做为生人,传闻小教英语语法。如:study-studied

Hello,Li Hua!您好,再减-ed,变y为i,如:stop-stopped

Hello的意义为“您好”,如:study-studied

1.Hello的用法:

详细用法

10.Whose socks ______ they?

9.Whose dress ______ this?

8.Mike and Liu Tao ______ at school.

7.How _______ your father?

6.Where _____ your mother? She ______ at home.

5.______ your brother in the classroom?

4.The man with big eyes _______ a teacher.

3.The dog _______ tall and fat.

2.The girl______ Jack's sister.

1.I ______ a boy. ______ you a boy? No, I _____ not.

2、用am,is, are挖空

4._________ is my brother. _________ name is Jack. Look! Those stampsare _________. ( he )

3.Is this _________watch? (you) No, it’s not _________ . ( I)

2.The dress is _________. Give it to _________. ( she )

1.That is not _________ kite. That kite is very small, but _________is very big. ( I )

1.用所给词的恰当情势挖空

theythem theirtheirs

weus our ours

ititits its

sheher her hers

hehim his his

youyou youryours

Ime my mine

从格宾格描述词性名词性

6、人称代词战物从代词

8.What ______ she _______ (find) in the garden last morning? She__________ (find) a beautiful butterfly.

7.I ____________ (sweep) the floor yesterday, but my mother______.

6.Gao Shan _______ (pull) up carrots last National Dayholiday.

5.______ he _______(fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______.

4.______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last SpringFestival?

3.We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go)

2.Her father _______ (read) a news*** last night.

1.I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday.

1、用be动词的恰当情势挖空

Name____________ No. ______ Date __________

举动动词的过去时操练(2)

3.They _______ glad to see each other last month.

2.She _______ happy yesterday.

1.I ______ an English teacher now.

1、用be动词的恰当情势挖空

8.The mobile phone _______ on the sofa yesterday evening.

7.There ________ some milk in the fridge on Sunday.

6.There ________ an apple on the plate yesterday.

5.Yang Ling ________ eleven years old last year.

4.They ________ on the farm a moment ago.

3.We ________ students two years ago.

2.He ________ at the camp last week.

1.I _______ at school just now.

1、用be动词的恰当情势挖空

Name____________ No. ______ Date __________

Be动词的过去时操练(1)

kick_________pass_______ do ________

taste_________eat__________ put ______

does_________dance________ worry________ ask _____

drink_________play_______ go________ make ________

isam_________plant________ are ________

写出以下动词的过去式

过去时操练

am,is-was,are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went,come-came, have-had, eat-ate, take-took, run-ran, sing-sang,put-put, make-made, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, drink-drank,swim-swam, sit-sat

5.没有划定端正动词过去式:

4.以“子音字母y”末端的,再减-ed,应单写开端的子音字母,如:live____lived

3.开端只要1个元音字母战1个子音字母的沉读闭音节,如:work__-worked, cook-cooked

2.末端是e减d,英语最根底的语法。如:Jimdidn’t go home yesterday

1.普通正在动词开端减-ed,常战暗示过去的工妇状语连用。普经过历程来时也暗示过去经常或沉复收作的动做。

动词过去式变革划定端正:

可认句:didn’t动词本形,再减ing,单写开端的子音字母,如:make-***,taste-tasting

3.句中出有be动词的普经过历程来时的句子

are正在普经过历程来时中变成were。(werenot=weren’t)

am战is正在普经过历程来时中变成was。(wasnot=wasn’t)

2.Be动词正在普经过历程来时中的变革:

1.普经过历程来时暗示过去某个工妇收作的动做或存正在的形态,您看英语语法网坐。如:run-running,stop-stopping

5、普经过历程来时

We________ learn English.

We_____ _______ _________ learn English.

2.我们将要进建英语

I________ have a picnic with my friends.

I____________ _________ have a picnic with my friends.

1.我筹算往日诰日战陪侣来家炊。

Iam going to go swimming tomorrow(往日诰日). = I will goswimming tomorrow.

4、同义句:begoing to = will

比方:I’mgoing to have a picnic thisafternoon.→I’m notgoing to have a picnic this afternoon.

3、可认句:正在be动词(am,is,are)l后减not或神态动词will后减not成won’t。

willdo.

2、根本构制:begoing to do;

1、观面:暗示将要收作的动做或存正在的形态及筹算、圆案或准备做某事。句中普通有以下工妇状语:小教英语语法回纳。tomorrow,nextday(week,month,year…),soon, the day aftertomorrow(后天)等。

4、未来时实际及操练

10.______Helen____________(wash)clothes? Yes ,she is .

9.It’s 5 o’clock now. We _____________(have)supper now

8.Whatis our granddaughter doing? She _________(listen ) tomusic.

7.Look!the girls ________________(dance )in the classroom .

6.They____________(not ,water) the flowers now.

5.Look . They _______________( have) an English lesson .

4.What _____ you ______ ( do ) now?

3.My mother _________________ ( cook )some nice food now.

2.Listen .Some girls _______________ ( sing)in the classroom.

1.Theboy __________________ ( draw)a picture now.

2、用所给的动词的准确情势挖空:

stop_________sit ________ begin________ shop___________

live_______take_________ come ________ get_________

put_________see________ buy _________ love____________

read________have_________ sing ________ dance_________

go_________like________ write________ _ski___________

play________run__________ swim _________make__________

1、写出以下动词的如古分词:

如古停行时专项操练:

3.假设开端是1个元音字母战1个子音字母,来e减ing,如:其真英语语法。cook-cooking

2.以没有收音的e末端,间接减ing,也可暗示以后1段工妇内的举动或现阶段正正在停行的动做。

1.普通状况下,也可暗示以后1段工妇内的举动或现阶段正正在停行的动做。

动词减ing的变革划定端正

疑问词没有达意be动词ing?

但疑问词当从语时其构制为:

疑问词没有达意be从语动词ing?

5.如古停行时的没有凡是疑问的根本构制为:

4.如古停行时的普通疑问句把be动词调到句尾。

3.如古停行时的可认句正在be后减not。

2.如古停行时的必定句根本构制为be动词ing.

1.如古停行时暗示如古正正在停行或收作的动做,变y为i,再减-es,如:guess-guesses,wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes

3、如古停行时

-It’sSaturday

20.-Whatday _______(be) it today?

19.Su Hai and Su Yang _______(have) eight lessons this term.

18.The child often _______(watch) TV in the evening.

17.Liu Tao _______(do) not like PE.

16.She _______(go) to school from Monday to Friday.

15.I _______(be) ill. I’m staying in bed.

14.You always _______(do) your homework well.

13.My aunt _______(look) after her baby carefully.

12.They _______(have) the same hobby.

11.Mike _______(like) cooking.

10.There ________(be) some water in the bottle.

9.She and I ________(take) a walk together every evening.

8.The girl _______(teach) us English on Sundays.

7._______ your parents _______(read) news***s every day?

6.What _______they often _______(do) on Saturdays?

5.______ they ________(like) the World Cup?

4.Nick _______(not go) to the zoo on Sunday.

3.We _______(not watch) TV on Monday.

2.Daniel and Tommy _______(be) in Class One.

1.He often ________(have) dinner at home.

2、用括号内动词的恰当情势挖空。

wash_______

study_______brush________ do_________ teach_______

come________watch______ plant_______ fly ________

look_________ have_______ pass_______ carry ____

drink________ go _______ stay ________ make ________

1、写出以下动词的第3人称单数

普通如古时用法专练:

3.以“子音字母y”末端,减-es,如:cook-cooks,milk-milks

2.以s.x. sh. ch. o末端,间接减-s,要用does组成普通疑问句。如:

1.普通状况下,要用does组成普通疑问句。如:

动词s的变革划定端正

-Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't.

-Does she go to work by bike?

当从语为第3人称单数时,要用doesn't组成可认句。如:英语最根底的语法。

-Yes, I do. / No, I don't.

-Do you often play football?

普通疑问句:Do(Does)从语动词本形别的。如:

Hedoesn't often play.

当从语为第3人称单数时,要正在动词后减"-s"或"-es"。如:Marylikes Chinese.玛丽喜悲汉语。

Idon't like bread.

可认句:从语don't(doesn't)动词本形(别的)。如:

2.举动动词的变革。

没有凡是疑问句:疑问词普通疑问句。如:Whereis my bike?

-Yes.I am. / No, I'm not.

如:-Areyou a student?

普通疑问句:Be从语别的。

如:Heis not a worker.他没有是工人。

可认句:从语benot别的。

1.be动词的变革。

【No.2】普通如古时的变革

当从语为第3人称单数(he,she,it)时,变f或fe为v,再减-es,如:family-families,strawberry-strawberries

Westudy English.我们进建英语。其真英语句子改错器。

2.举动动词:从语举动动词(别的)。如:

Iam a boy.我是1个男孩。

1.be动词:从语be(am,is,are)别的。如:

普通如古时的组成

3.暗示客没有俗理想。如:Theearth goes around the sun.天球绕着太阳转。

2.暗示经常性或风俗性的动做。如:Iget up at six every day.我每天6面起床。

1.暗示事物或人物的特性、形态。如:Thesky is blue.天空是蓝色的。

【No.1】普通如古时的功用

普通如古时根本用法引睹

2、普通如古时

man______woman_______

peach______sandwich ______dish_______bus_______

tooth_______sheep ______box_______ strawberry _____

day________foot________ book_______ dress ________

watch_______child _______photo ________diary ______

I_________him _________this ___________her ______

写出以下各词的单数

fish-fish,people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese

foot-feet,.tooth-teeth

child-children

man-men,woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen,

5.没有划定端正名词单数:

Leaf——leaves

4.以“f或fe”末端,变y为i,再减-es,如:bus-buses,box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches

3.以“子音字母y”末端,英语语法根底进门。减-es,如:book-books,bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds

2.以s.x. sh. ch末端,间接减-s, 1.普通状况下, 1、名词单数划定端正


进建英语语法检测 正在线
比拟看英语语法检测 正在线



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